Scrap Iron: Reported United States aggregated spot market prices per gross ton shown for each commodity are based on all Management Science Associates’ (MSA) Raw Material Data Aggregation Service (RMDAS) participants’ actual order data submitted to and processed by MSA as of the 20th of each respective “buy month,” rounded to the whole integer. A map of RMDAS regions is available at, as is a further explanation of RMDAS methodology and an accompanying disclaimer. No. 1 HMS defined as prepared obsolete scrap, 5 feet long and under. Additional pricing information on each grade can be found at © 2015-2016 Management Science Associates Inc. All rights reserved RMDAS is a trademark of Management Science Associates Inc.

Copper - LME Pricing: Source: London Metal Exchange,

Aluminum - LME Pricing: Source: London Metal Exchange,

Stone and Aggregate Pricing: *Index is based on 1982 average price as 100. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Wood Scrap: Source: North American Wood Fiber Review; Detailed pricing and analysis for California and other U.S. regions is available by subscription at